Bangladesh Election Commission

Bangladesh Election Commission

Bangladesh Election Commission is a constitutional independent institution located at Sher E Bangla nagar in Dhaka. The nickname of the institution is EC.

Bullet Information
Name বাংলাদেশ নির্বাচন কমিশন
Nickname EC | ইসি
Formed July 7, 1972
Headquarters Nirbachon Bhobon, Agargaon, Dhaka
Official Website

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<>Bangladesh Election Commission is an independent constitutional institution located at Sher E Bangla Nagar in Dhaka. The nickname of the establishment is EC. Bangladesh parliament election is the main working area of EC once every five years.

About Bangladesh Election Commission

The commission was established in the year 1971. It performs the functions articulated in the Election Law of Bangladesh. According to Article 118 of the constitution, the president has to appoint an Election Commissioner to the Election Commission. So the post of Election Commissioner is constitutional as well. When there is more than one Election Commissioner, the chief commissioner will act as the chairperson.

Once a person has been assigned to act as a chief election commissioner he or she will not be able to get an appointment in the service of the Republic. The powers of the Election Commission has to be articulated in Article 118-4 and 126. According to these articles, it is an independent institution and can operate its activities without any government influence.

Functions of the Election Commission

The Election Commission's functions are related to announcing and holding elections at the national and district level and also to publishing the results. The main responsibility of the commission is to arrange a free, fair, and credible election where all the competing parties will receive equal treatment and opportunity. It is the responsibility of the election commission so that no party can get an added advantage because of monetary power or manpower. The EC sets the limit of advertisement before the election. It has the authority to ask for help from the Bangladesh Army, Border Guard, and Air Force to arrange a fair and credible election. We can classify the functions of the election commission into five core functions. They are as follows:

Working Area of EC 
  • Guardian of free and fair election in national, district, and upazila level
  • Election laws
  • Voter registration
  • Political parties reforms
  • Parliamentary Election
  • Code of Conduct for Candidates
  • Registration of Political Parties
  • Conduct of Elections
  • Local Elections
  • Voter Registration
  • Prohibition on publication
  • Quasi judicial powers

Secretariat of EC

It has two secretaries. They are central and regional. According to the EC Secretariat Act 2009, the commission has its own secretariat. The administration of EC is located in Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, and also has several training institutions in the district, thana, and Upazila levels. The execution of orders of the EC is the primary duty of the EC Secretariat.

It has divisional offices. It has about seven divisional offices. The functions of the divisional offices are to maintain the relationship with the EC secretariat and coordinate and field-level activities with the head office. They work directly with the voters to identify their problems, educate voters regarding voting, and provide voting center names and numbers.

The commission also has district offices. There are about 83 district election offices and 64 district headquarters. All of them are regulated and operated by the District Election Officer. They provide all forms of assistance to the polling officers and agents. It supplies ballot boxes to the designated voting centers.

The Election Commission is a vital institution in Bangladesh. It performs diversified activities regarding the election of national, district, and Upazila-level leaders who will represent the people of that particular region in the parliaments or ministries.

Contact Address

Block-5/6, Election Commission Secretariat, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh Ph: 880-02-9180835 FAX: 880-2-8119819, 8113156, 8129325, 9129033 Official website:

Bangladesh election commission deals with the parliament, and Upazila perished, city corporation and local government election.

Related Links

Bangladesh Parliament House

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